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Allergies, asthma, and dust

Reactive airway disease - dust; Bronchial asthma - dust; Triggers - dust

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HEPA air filter

Description

In people who have sensitive airways, allergy and asthma symptoms can be triggered by breathing in substances called allergens, or triggers. It is important to know your triggers because avoiding them is your first step toward feeling better. Dust is a common trigger.

Dust and Dust Mites

When your asthma or allergies become worse due to dust, you are said to have a dust allergy.

Choose the Right Home Furnishings

You can do many things to limit your or your child's exposure to dust and dust mites.

Replace blinds that have slats and cloth draperies with pull-down shades. They will not collect as much dust.

Dust particles collect in fabrics and carpets.

Since mattresses, box springs, and pillows are hard to avoid:

Other Tips

Keep indoor air dry. Dust mites thrive in moist air. Try to keep the moisture level (humidity) lower than 30% to 50%, if possible. A dehumidifier will help control humidity.

Central heating and air-conditioning systems may help control dust.

When cleaning:

Keep stuffed toys off beds, and wash them weekly.

Keep closets clean and closet doors closed.

References

American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology website. HOME allergy management. acaai.org/resources/tools/home-allergy-management. Accessed May 21, 2021.

Cipriani F, Calamelli E, Ricci G. Allergen avoidance in allergic asthma. Front Pediatr. 2017;5:103. PMID: 28540285 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28540285/.

Matsui E, Platts-Mills TAE. Indoor allergens. In: Burks AW, Holgate ST, O'Hehir RE, et al, eds. Middleton's Allergy: Principles and Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 28.

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Review Date: 5/27/2020  

Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Editorial update 05/21/2021.

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