Eye test - color; Vision test - color; Ishihara color vision test
A color vision test checks your ability to distinguish between different colors.
You will sit in a comfortable position in regular lighting. The health care provider will explain the test to you.
There are several tests for color vision. During the most common, you will be shown several cards with colored dot patterns. These cards are called Ishihara plates. In the patterns, some of the dots will appear to form numbers or symbols. You will be asked to identify the symbols, if possible.
As you cover one eye, the tester will hold the cards 14 inches (35 centimeters) from your face and ask you to quickly identify the symbol found in each color pattern.
Depending on the problem suspected, you may be asked to determine the intensity of a color, particularly in one eye compared to the other. This is often tested by using the cap of a red eyedrop bottle.
If your child is having this test performed, it may be helpful to explain how the test will feel, and to practice or demonstrate on a doll. Your child will feel less anxious about the test if you explain what will happen and why.
Usually there is a sample card of multicolored dots that almost everyone can identify, even people with color vision problems.
If you or your child normally wears glasses, wear them during the test.
Small children may be asked to tell the difference between a red bottle cap and caps of a different color.
The test is similar to a vision test.
This test is done to determine whether you have any problems with your color vision.
Color vision problems often fall into two categories:
If your color vision is normal, you will be able to distinguish all colors.
This test can determine the following congenital (present from birth) color vision problems:
Problems in the optic nerve can show up as a loss of color intensity, although the color card test may be normal.
There are no risks with this test.
Chuck RS, Dunn SP, Flaxel CJ; American Academy of Ophthalmology Preferred Practice Pattern Committee, et al. Comprehensive adult medical eye evaluation preferred practice pattern. Ophthalmology. 2021;128(1):1-29. www.aaojournal.org/article/S0161-6420(20)31026-5/fulltext. Published November 12, 2020. Accessed March 2, 2021.
Karepov S, Ellenbogen T. Metasurface-based contact lenses for color vision deficiency. Opt Lett. 2020;45(6):1379-1382. PMID: 32163975 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32163975/.
Salmon JF. Hereditary fundus dystrophies. In: Salmon JF, ed. Kanski's Clinical Ophthalmology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 15.
Wallace DK, Morse CL, Melia M, et al; American Academy of Ophthalmology Preferred Practice Pattern Pediatric Ophthalmology/Strabismus Panel. Pediatric eye evaluations Preferred Practice Pattern: I. vision screening in the primary care and community setting; II. comprehensive ophthalmic examination. Ophthalmology. 2018;125(1):184-227. PMID: 29108745 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29108745/.BACK TO TOP
Review Date: 3/2/2021
Reviewed By: Franklin W. Lusby, MD, Ophthalmologist, Lusby Vision Institute, La Jolla, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2022 A.D.A.M., a business unit of Ebix, Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.