Emesis; Vomiting; Stomach upset; Upset stomach; Queasiness
Nausea is feeling an urge to vomit. It is often called "being sick to your stomach."
Vomiting or throwing-up is forcing the contents of the stomach up through the food pipe (esophagus) and out of the mouth.
Common problems that may cause nausea and vomiting include:
Nausea and vomiting may also be early warning signs of more serious medical problems, such as:
Once your health care provider finds the cause, you will want to know how to treat your nausea or vomiting.
You may need to:
If you have morning sickness during pregnancy, ask your provider about possible treatments.
The following may help treat motion sickness:
Call 911 or the local emergency number or go to an emergency room if you:
Call a provider right away or seek medical care if you or another person has:
Signs of dehydration include:
Your provider will perform a physical exam and will look for signs of dehydration.
Your provider will ask questions about your symptoms, such as:
Other questions you may be asked include:
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include:
Depending on the cause and how much extra fluids you need, you may have to stay in the hospital or clinic for a period of time. You may need fluids given through your veins (intravenous or IV).
Crane BT, Kaylie DM. Central vestibular disorders. In: Flint PW, Francis HW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. Cummings Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 168.
Guttman J. Nausea and vomiting. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 26.
Mcquaid KR. Approach to the patient with gastrointestinal disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 123.BACK TO TOP
Review Date: 7/1/2021
Reviewed By: Michael M. Phillips, MD, Emeritus Professor of Medicine, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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