Tongue inflammation; Tongue infection; Smooth tongue; Glossodynia; Burning tongue syndrome
Glossitis is a problem in which the tongue is swollen and inflamed. This often makes the surface of the tongue appear smooth. Geographic tongue is a type of glossitis.
Glossitis is often a symptom of other conditions, such as:
At times, glossitis may be passed down in families.
Symptoms of glossitis may come on quickly or develop over time. They include:
Rare symptoms or problems include:
Your dentist or health care provider will do an exam to look for:
The provider may ask questions about your health history and lifestyle to help discover the cause of tongue inflammation.
You may need blood tests to rule out other medical problems.
The goal of treatment is to reduce swelling and soreness. Most people do not need to go to the hospital unless the tongue is very swollen. Treatment may include:
Glossitis goes away if the cause of problem is removed or treated.
Contact your provider if:
Get emergency care right away if tongue swelling blocks the airway.
Good oral care (thorough tooth brushing and flossing and regular dental checkups) may help prevent glossitis.
Daniels TE, Jordan RC. Diseases of the mouth and salivary glands. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 397.
Pham KL, Mirowski GW. Oral diseases and oral manifestations of gastrointestinal and liver disease. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 24.BACK TO TOP
Review Date: 2/1/2021
Reviewed By: Josef Shargorodsky, MD, MPH, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2021 A.D.A.M., a business unit of Ebix, Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.