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Pneumonia in adults - discharge

Bronchopneumonia adults - discharge; Lung infection adults - discharge

You have pneumonia, which is an infection in your lungs. Now that you are going home, follow the health care provider's instructions on taking care of yourself at home. Use the information below as a reminder.



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When You're in the Hospital

In the hospital, your providers helped you breathe better. They also gave you medicine to help your body get rid of the germs that cause pneumonia. They also made sure you got enough liquids and nutrients.

What to Expect at Home

You will still have symptoms of pneumonia after you leave the hospital.

You will need to take time off work. For a while, you might not be able to do other things that you are used to doing.


Breathing warm, moist air helps loosen the sticky mucus that may make you feel like you are choking. Other things that may also help include:

Coughing helps clear your airways. Take a couple of deep breaths, 2 to 3 times every hour. Deep breaths help open up your lungs.

While lying down, tap your chest gently a few times a day. This helps bring up mucus from the lungs.

If you smoke, now is the time to quit. Do not allow smoking in your home.

Drink plenty of liquids, as long as your provider says it is OK.

Get plenty of rest when you go home. If you have trouble sleeping at night, take naps during the day.


Your provider may prescribe antibiotics for you. These are medicines that kill the germs that cause pneumonia. Antibiotics help most people with pneumonia get better. Do not miss any doses. Take the medicine until it is gone, even if you start to feel better.

Do not take cough or cold medicines unless your doctor says it is OK. Coughing helps your body get rid of mucus from your lungs.

Your provider will tell you if it is OK to use acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin) for fever or pain. If these medicines are OK to use, your provider will tell you how much to take and how often to take them.

Avoid Infections

To prevent pneumonia in the future:

Going Home With Oxygen

Your doctor may prescribe oxygen for you to use at home. Oxygen helps you breathe better.

When to Call the Doctor

Call your provider if your breathing is:

Also call your provider if you have any of the following:

Related Information

Viral pneumonia
Atypical pneumonia
Mycoplasma pneumonia
Aspiration pneumonia
Community-acquired pneumonia in adults
Hospital-acquired pneumonia
Legionnaires disease
CMV pneumonia
Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
Tips on how to quit smoking
Pneumonia in children - discharge
Using oxygen at home
Oxygen safety
Using oxygen at home - what to ask your doctor


Ellison RT, Donowitz GR. Acute pneumonia. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 67.

Mandell LA. Streptococcus pneumoniae infections. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 273.


Review Date: 3/10/2022  

Reviewed By: Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Associate Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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