SmartEngageTM

Menstrual disorders

An in-depth report on the causes, treatment, and prevention of menstrual disorders.

I Would Like to Learn About:

Related Reports

Endometriosis

References

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 110: noncontraceptive uses of hormonal contraceptives. Obstet Gynecol. 2010;115(1):206-218. PMID: 20027071 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20027071.

Bofill Rodriguez M, Lethaby A, Grigore M, et al. Endometrial resection and ablation techniques for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019;1:CD001501. PMID: 30667064 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30667064.

Bulun SE. Physiology and pathology of the female reproductive axis. In: Melmed S, Auchus RJ, Goldfine AB, Koenig RJ, Rosen CJ, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 17.

Davies J, Kadir RA. Heavy menstrual bleeding: An update on management. Thromb Res. 2017;151(Suppl 1):S70-S77. PMID: 28262240 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28262240.

Fergusson RJ, Bofill Rodriguez M, Lethaby A, Farquhar C. Endometrial resection and ablation versus hysterectomy for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019;8:CD000329. PMID: 31463964 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31463964.

Haamid F, Sass AE, Dietrich JE. Heavy Menstrual Bleeding in Adolescents. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2017;30(3):335-340. PMID: 28108214 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28108214.

Lethaby A, Duckitt K, Farquhar C. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(1):CD000400. PMID: 23440779 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23440779.

Lethaby A, Hussain M, Rishworth JR, Rees MC. Progesterone or progestogen-releasing intrauterine systems for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;(4):CD002126. PMID: 25924648 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25924648.

Levy-Zauberman Y, Pourcelot AG, Capmas P, Fernandez H. Update on the management of abnormal uterine bleeding. J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod. 2017;46(8):613-622. PMID: 28716637 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28716637.

Lobo RA. Primary and secondary amenorrhea and precocious puberty: etiology, diagnostic evaluation, management. In: Lobo RA, Lentz G, Gershenson D, Lentz GM, Valea FA, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 38.

Magowan BA, Owen P, Thomson A. Heavy menstrual bleeding, dysmenorrhea and premenstrual syndrome. In: Magowan BA, Owen P, Thomson A, eds. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 4th ed. Elsevier; 2019:chap 7.

Marjoribanks J, Lethaby A, Farquhar C. Surgery versus medical therapy for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;(1):CD003855. PMID: 26820670 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26820670.

Osayande AS, Mehulic S. Diagnosis and initial management of dysmenorrhea. Am Fam Physician. 2014;89(5):341-346. PMID: 24695505 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24695505.

Ryntz T, Lobo RA. Abnormal uterine bleeding: etiology and management of acute and chronic excessive bleeding. In: Lobo RA, Lentz G, Gershenson D, Lentz GM, Valea FA, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2017:chap 26.

Singh S, Best C, Dunn S, Leyland N, Wolfman WL. No. 292-Abnormal uterine bleeding in pre-menopausal women. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2018;40(5):e391-e415. PMID: 29731212 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29731212.

Smith CA, Armour M, Zhu X, Li X, Lu ZY, Song J. Acupuncture for dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016;4:CD007854. PMID: 27087494 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27087494.

Sweet MG, Schmidt-Dalton TA, Weiss PM, Madsen KP. Evaluation and management of abnormal uterine bleeding in premenopausal women. Am Fam Physician. 2012;85(1):35-43. PMID: 22230306 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22230306.

Upadhya KK, Sucato GS. Menstrual problems. In: Kliegman RM, St Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 142.

Whitaker L, Critchley HO. Abnormal uterine bleeding. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2016;34:54-65. PMID: 26803558 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26803558.

BACK TO TOP

Review Date: 12/10/2019  

Reviewed By: John D. Jacobson, MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda Center for Fertility, Loma Linda, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

ADAM Quality Logo

A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, for Health Content Provider (www.urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. A.D.A.M. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s editorial policy, editorial process and privacy policy. A.D.A.M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- 2021 A.D.A.M., a business unit of Ebix, Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.