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Ceftolozane and tazobactam (Intravenous route)

Pronunciation:

sef-TOL-oh-zane, taz-oh-BAK-tam

Brand Names:

  • Zerbaxa

Dosage Forms:

  • Powder for Solution

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Antibiotic Combination

Pharmacologic—

Cephalosporin

Uses of This Medicine:

Ceftolozane and tazobactam combination injection is used alone or in combination with metronidazole to treat complicated bacterial infections in many different parts of the body (eg, stomach, kidneys). It is also used to treat hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP).

Ceftolozane and tazobactam combination is an antibiotic that belongs to the group of medicines known as cephalosporins and beta-lactamase inhibitors. It works by killing bacteria and preventing their growth. However, this medicine will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

This medicine is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your doctor.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of ceftolozane and tazobactam combination injection to treat hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP) in children. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of ceftolozane and tazobactam combination injection to treat complicated bacterial infections in many different parts of the body (eg, stomach, kidneys) in newborns to children younger than 18 years of age. Safety and efficacy have been established.

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of ceftolozane and tazobactam combination injection in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have unwanted effects and age-related kidney problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving ceftolozane and tazobactam combination injection.

Breast-feeding—

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Cholera Vaccine, Live

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Allergy to cephalosporins, beta-lactams, or penicillins, history of or
  • Diarrhea—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • End-stage kidney disease or
  • Kidney disease, moderate to severe—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of the slower removal of the medicine from the body.
  • Kidney disease, severe—Use is not recommended in children with this condition.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine in a medical facility. It is given through a needle placed into one of your veins. The medicine must be injected slowly, so your IV tube will need to stay in place for at least 1 hour.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress closely while you are receiving this medicine. This is to make sure that the medicine is working properly and that the infection is cleared up completely. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

This medicine may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you have itching, hives, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after you receive this medicine.

Ceftolozane and tazobactam combination may cause diarrhea, and in some cases it can be severe. It may occur 2 months or more after you stop receiving this medicine. Do not take any medicine to treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor. Diarrhea medicines may make the diarrhea worse or make it last longer. If you have any questions about this or if mild diarrhea continues or gets worse, check with your doctor.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
Bloody urine
blurred vision
decreased frequency or amount of urine
diarrhea
dizziness
fever
headache
increased thirst
loss of appetite
lower back or side pain
nausea
nervousness
pounding in the ears
slow or fast heartbeat
swelling of the face, fingers, or lower legs
trouble breathing
unusual tiredness or weakness
vomiting
weight gain
Less common
Confusion
dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
dry mouth
fainting
headache, sudden and severe
irregular heartbeat
mood changes
muscle pain or cramps
numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips
pale skin
seizures
skin rash
stomach cramps
sweating
tenderness in the stomach area
unusual bleeding or bruising
watery or bloody diarrhea
Rare
Anxiety
bone pain
burning feeling in the chest or stomach
chest pain or tightness
drowsiness
dry mouth
dry, red, hot, or irritated skin
fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
flushed, dry skin
fruit-like breath odor
increased hunger
increased urination
indigestion
muscle spasms (tetany) or twitching
seizures
severe constipation
severe vomiting
stomach pain or upset
tenderness, pain, swelling, warmth, skin discoloration, and prominent superficial veins over the affected area
thick, white, or curd-like vaginal discharge
trembling
trouble thinking, speaking, or walking
unexplained weight loss
white patches in the mouth or throat or on the tongue

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common
Constipation
trouble sleeping
Rare
Belching
bloated or full feeling
excess air or gas in the stomach or bowels
heartburn
passing gas

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 8/5/2022

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites.

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The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites.
All rights reserved.

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