Loteprednol (Ophthalmic route)

Pronunciation:

loe-te-PRED-nol

Brand Names:

  • Alrex
  • Inveltys
  • Lotemax
  • Lotemax SM

Dosage Forms:

  • Ointment
  • Suspension
  • Gel/Jelly

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Ophthalmologic Agent

Pharmacologic—

Adrenal Glucocorticoid

Uses of This Medicine:

Loteprednol is used to treat eye pain, redness, and swelling caused by certain eye problems or eye surgery. It is also used to temporarily treat itching of the eye caused by a condition known as seasonal allergic conjunctivitis. This medicine belongs to the group of medicines known as corticosteroids (steroids or cortisone-like medicines).

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Inveltys™ eye drops or Lotemax® SM eye gel in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of Lotemax® eye gel in children. Safety and efficacy have been established.

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of loteprednol in the elderly.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Desmopressin

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Bemiparin
  • Macimorelin
  • Nadroparin
  • Sargramostim

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Auranofin

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Cataract surgery—Use with caution. May cause delayed healing.
  • Certain eye diseases that cause the cornea to get thin—Use could cause a hole to form (perforation).
  • Fungal eye infection or
  • Herpes simplex eye infection or
  • Mycobacterial (tuberculosis) eye infection or
  • Vaccinia (smallpox) eye infection or
  • Varicella (chickenpox) eye infection—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
  • Glaucoma—Use with caution. May make this condition worse.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

Use this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of too much medicine being absorbed into the body and the chance of side effects.

To use the eye drops or eye gel:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water before and after using this medicine.
  • Turn the closed bottle upside down and shake it one time before putting the medicine into your eye. Remove the cap with the bottle still being held upside down.
  • Tilt your head back and, pressing your finger gently on the skin just beneath the lower eyelid, pull the lower eyelid away from the eye to make a space. Drop the medicine into this space.
  • Let go of the eyelid and gently close the eyes. Do not blink. Keep the eyes closed and apply pressure to the inner corner of the eye with your finger for 1 or 2 minutes to allow the medicine to be absorbed by the eye.
  • If you think you did not get the drop of medicine into your eye properly, repeat the directions with another drop.
  • To keep the medicine as germ-free as possible, do not touch the applicator tip to any surface (including the eye). Also, keep the container tightly closed. Serious damage to the eye and possible loss of vision may result from using contaminated eye medicines.

Dosing—

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For ophthalmic dosage forms (eye drops or eye gel):
    • For eye pain or inflammation after eye surgery:
      • Inveltys™:
        • Adults—Instill one or two drops into the affected eye 2 times a day, beginning 24 hours after surgery and for 2 weeks after.
        • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
      • Lotemax®:
        • Adults—Apply one or two drops into the affected eye 4 times a day, beginning 24 hours after surgery and for 2 weeks after.
        • Children—Apply one or two drops into the affected eye 4 times a day, beginning 24 hours after surgery and for 2 weeks after.
      • Lotemax® SM:
        • Adults—Apply one drop into the affected eye 3 times a day, beginning 24 hours after surgery and for 2 weeks after.
        • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For seasonal allergic conjunctivitis:
      • Adults—Use one drop of the 0.2% eye suspension in the affected eye 4 times a day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For other eye problems as determined by your doctor:
      • Adults—Use one or two drops of the 0.5% eye suspension in the affected eye 4 times a day. During the first week, your doctor may want you to use the eye drops more often.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed dose—

If you miss a dose of this medicine, apply it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule.

Storage—

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your eye doctor (ophthalmologist) check your or your child's progress at regular visits to make sure the medicine is working properly and to check for unwanted effects, especially if you will be using this medicine for 10 days or longer.

Loteprednol eye drops or eye gel are not for long-term use. Steroid eye drops may cause glaucoma (increased pressure inside the eye) or posterior subcapsular cataracts (a rare type of cataract) if used too long. Slow or delayed healing may also occur while you are using this medicine after cataract surgery. You will need to have regular eye exams with your doctor to check for these problems.

Do not wear contact lenses while you are using Lotemax® or Lotemax® SM eye gel.

If you wear contact lenses, remove them before you put the drops into your eyes. Wait at least 15 minutes after using Inveltys™ eye drops before you put your contact lenses back in.

If you are using the 0.2% loteprednol: If your eyes are red, you should not wear contact lenses. If your eyes are not red, soft contact lenses should be removed before you use this medicine. Wait at least 10 minutes after using the eye drops before reinserting the contact lenses.

If you hurt your eye or develop an eye infection, talk with your doctor right away. You may need to change your medicine or stop using it.

If your symptoms do not improve within a few days or if they become worse, check with your eye doctor (ophthalmologist) right away.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
Blurred vision or other change in vision
redness or swelling of the eye
sensitivity of the eyes to light
swelling of the membrane covering the white part of the eye
Less common
Decreased vision
discharge from the eye
eye discomfort, irritation, or pain
redness of the eyelid or inner lining of the eyelid
tiny bumps on the inner lining of the eyelid
Incidence not known
Blindness
gradual blurring or loss of vision
loss of vision
nausea
slow wound healing
tearing
vomiting

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
Burning feeling when medicine is applied
dry eyes
feeling of something in the eye
headache
itching
runny nose
sore throat

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 8/2/2019

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The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites.
All rights reserved.

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