Thyroid gland removal

Total thyroidectomy; Partial thyroidectomy; Thyroidectomy; Subtotal thyroidectomy; Thyroid cancer - thyroidectomy; Papillary cancer - thyroidectomy; Goiter - thyroidectomy; Thyroid nodules - thyroidectomy

Thyroid gland removal is surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located inside the front of the lower neck. The thyroid gland is part of the hormone (endocrine) system. It helps your body regulate your metabolism.

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  • Thyroid gland

    Thyroid gland

    The thyroid gland, a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism.

    Thyroid gland

    illustration

  • Thyroid gland biopsy

    Thyroid gland biopsy

    The thyroid is a gland located in the neck. It is a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, and plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism. If a sample of cells is needed from the thyroid gland a fine needle biopsy can be performed. During this procedure, a skinny needle is inserted into the thyroid gland, and a sample of thyroid cells and fluid is drawn into the needle. The needle is then withdrawn and the cells are sent for examination. This test is usually performed to determine if a thyroid nodule could be malignant (cancer).

    Thyroid gland biopsy

    illustration

  • Parathyroid glands

    Parathyroid glands

    The 4 parathyroid glands are located near or attached to the back side of the thyroid gland and produce parathyroid hormone (PTH). Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium balance within the blood and bone by maintaining a balance between the mineral levels in the blood and the bone.

    Parathyroid glands

    illustration

  • Incision for thyroid gland surgery

    Incision for thyroid gland surgery

    The thyroid is a gland located in the neck. It is a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, and plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism. If surgery or an open excisional biopsy is needed, an incision is made in front of the neck to gain access to the thyroid gland.

    Incision for thyroid gland surgery

    illustration

  • Thyroid uptake test

    Thyroid uptake test

    Radioactive iodine uptake test is a type of nuclear test performed to evaluate thyroid function. The patient ingests radioactive iodine (I-123 or I-131) capsules or liquid. After a time (usually 4 and 24-hours later), a gamma probe is placed over the thyroid gland to measure the amount of radioiodine uptake in the thyroid gland. The values are then compared.

    Thyroid uptake test

    illustration

  • Thyroid ultrasound

    Thyroid ultrasound

    Thyroid ultrasound is a sound wave picture of the thyroid gland taken by a hand-held instrument and translated to a 2-dimensional picture on a monitor. It is used in diagnosis of tumors, cysts or goiters of the thyroid, and is a painless, no-risk procedure.

    Thyroid ultrasound

    illustration

  • Child thyroid anatomy

    Child thyroid anatomy

    The thyroid is a gland located in the neck. It is a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, and plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism. Thyroid disorders are more common in older children and adolescents (especially in girls) than in infants. Most thyroid conditions can be treated medically, but occasionally surgery is required.

    Child thyroid anatomy

    illustration

  • Retrosternal thyroid

    Retrosternal thyroid

    The normal position of the thyroid is at the front of the neck above the sternal notch. In retrosternal thyroid, a portion of the gland extends below the sternal notch.

    Retrosternal thyroid

    illustration

  • Brain-thyroid link

    Brain-thyroid link

    Although the thyroid gland releases the hormones which govern growth and metabolism, the brain (the pituitary and the hypothalamus) manages the release and the balance of the amount of hormones circulated.

    Brain-thyroid link

    illustration

    • Thyroid gland

      Thyroid gland

      The thyroid gland, a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism.

      Thyroid gland

      illustration

    • Thyroid gland biopsy

      Thyroid gland biopsy

      The thyroid is a gland located in the neck. It is a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, and plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism. If a sample of cells is needed from the thyroid gland a fine needle biopsy can be performed. During this procedure, a skinny needle is inserted into the thyroid gland, and a sample of thyroid cells and fluid is drawn into the needle. The needle is then withdrawn and the cells are sent for examination. This test is usually performed to determine if a thyroid nodule could be malignant (cancer).

      Thyroid gland biopsy

      illustration

    • Parathyroid glands

      Parathyroid glands

      The 4 parathyroid glands are located near or attached to the back side of the thyroid gland and produce parathyroid hormone (PTH). Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium balance within the blood and bone by maintaining a balance between the mineral levels in the blood and the bone.

      Parathyroid glands

      illustration

    • Incision for thyroid gland surgery

      Incision for thyroid gland surgery

      The thyroid is a gland located in the neck. It is a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, and plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism. If surgery or an open excisional biopsy is needed, an incision is made in front of the neck to gain access to the thyroid gland.

      Incision for thyroid gland surgery

      illustration

    • Thyroid uptake test

      Thyroid uptake test

      Radioactive iodine uptake test is a type of nuclear test performed to evaluate thyroid function. The patient ingests radioactive iodine (I-123 or I-131) capsules or liquid. After a time (usually 4 and 24-hours later), a gamma probe is placed over the thyroid gland to measure the amount of radioiodine uptake in the thyroid gland. The values are then compared.

      Thyroid uptake test

      illustration

    • Thyroid ultrasound

      Thyroid ultrasound

      Thyroid ultrasound is a sound wave picture of the thyroid gland taken by a hand-held instrument and translated to a 2-dimensional picture on a monitor. It is used in diagnosis of tumors, cysts or goiters of the thyroid, and is a painless, no-risk procedure.

      Thyroid ultrasound

      illustration

    • Child thyroid anatomy

      Child thyroid anatomy

      The thyroid is a gland located in the neck. It is a part of the endocrine (hormone) system, and plays a major role in regulating the body's metabolism. Thyroid disorders are more common in older children and adolescents (especially in girls) than in infants. Most thyroid conditions can be treated medically, but occasionally surgery is required.

      Child thyroid anatomy

      illustration

    • Retrosternal thyroid

      Retrosternal thyroid

      The normal position of the thyroid is at the front of the neck above the sternal notch. In retrosternal thyroid, a portion of the gland extends below the sternal notch.

      Retrosternal thyroid

      illustration

    • Brain-thyroid link

      Brain-thyroid link

      Although the thyroid gland releases the hormones which govern growth and metabolism, the brain (the pituitary and the hypothalamus) manages the release and the balance of the amount of hormones circulated.

      Brain-thyroid link

      illustration


    Review Date: 3/5/2020

    Reviewed By: Debra G. Wechter, MD, FACS, general surgery practice specializing in breast cancer, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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