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Liver disease

The term "liver disease" applies to many conditions that stop the liver from working or prevent it from functioning well. Abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), or abnormal results of liver function tests may suggest you have liver disease.

Related topics include:

References

Anstee QM, Jones DEJ. Hepatology. In: Ralston SH, Penman ID, Strachan MWJ, Hobson RP, eds. Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 22.

Martin P. Approach to the patient with liver disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 137.

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    • Fatty liver - CT scan

      Fatty liver - CT scan - illustration

      A CT scan of the upper abdomen showing a fatty liver (steatosis of the liver). Note the liver enlargement and dark color compared with the spleen (gray body in lower right).

      Fatty liver - CT scan

      illustration

    • Liver with disproportional fattening - CT scan

      Liver with disproportional fattening - CT scan - illustration

      A CT scan of the upper abdomen showing disproportional steatosis (fattening) of the liver.

      Liver with disproportional fattening - CT scan

      illustration

    • Cirrhosis of the liver

      Cirrhosis of the liver - illustration

      A chronic liver disease which causes damage to liver tissue, scarring of the liver (fibrosis; nodular regeneration), progressive decrease in liver function, excessive fluid in the abdomen (ascites), bleeding disorders (coagulopathy), increased pressure in the blood vessels (portal hypertension), and brain function disorders (hepatic encephalopathy). Excessive alcohol use is the leading cause of cirrhosis.

      Cirrhosis of the liver

      illustration

    • Liver

      Liver - illustration

      The liver serves a wide variety of body functions, including detoxifying blood and producing bile that aids in digestion.

      Liver

      illustration

      • Fatty liver - CT scan

        Fatty liver - CT scan - illustration

        A CT scan of the upper abdomen showing a fatty liver (steatosis of the liver). Note the liver enlargement and dark color compared with the spleen (gray body in lower right).

        Fatty liver - CT scan

        illustration

      • Liver with disproportional fattening - CT scan

        Liver with disproportional fattening - CT scan - illustration

        A CT scan of the upper abdomen showing disproportional steatosis (fattening) of the liver.

        Liver with disproportional fattening - CT scan

        illustration

      • Cirrhosis of the liver

        Cirrhosis of the liver - illustration

        A chronic liver disease which causes damage to liver tissue, scarring of the liver (fibrosis; nodular regeneration), progressive decrease in liver function, excessive fluid in the abdomen (ascites), bleeding disorders (coagulopathy), increased pressure in the blood vessels (portal hypertension), and brain function disorders (hepatic encephalopathy). Excessive alcohol use is the leading cause of cirrhosis.

        Cirrhosis of the liver

        illustration

      • Liver

        Liver - illustration

        The liver serves a wide variety of body functions, including detoxifying blood and producing bile that aids in digestion.

        Liver

        illustration

      Tests for Liver disease

       
       

      Review Date: 5/27/2020

      Reviewed By: Jenifer K. Lehrer, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Aria - Jefferson Health Torresdale, Jefferson Digestive Diseases Network, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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