Exámenes de detección para mujeres de 18 a 39 años

Definición

Usted debería visitar a su proveedor de atención médica de vez en cuando, aún si está saludable. El propósito de estas visitas es:

Nombres alternativos

Consulta de seguimiento médico - mujeres - de 18 a 39 años; Examen físico - mujeres - de 18 a 39 años; Examen anual - mujeres - de 18 a 39 años; Chequeo - mujeres - de 18 a 39 años; Salud de las mujeres - de 18 a 39 años; Cuidados preventivos - mujeres - de 18 a 39 años

Información

Aunque usted se sienta bien, debería ver a su proveedor para hacerse chequeos regulares. Estas consultas pueden ayudarla a evitar problemas en el futuro. Por ejemplo, la única manera de averiguar si usted sufre de presión arterial alta es hacérsela revisar regularmente. Es posible que los niveles altos de azúcar en la sangre y los niveles altos de colesterol tampoco presenten ningún síntoma en las etapas iniciales. Un simple examen de sangre puede evaluar estas afecciones.

Hay momentos específicos en los que usted debería visitar a su proveedor. A continuación encontrará los lineamientos de los exámenes para mujeres de 18 a 39 años.

EXAMEN DE PRESION ARTERIAL

EXAMEN DE COLESTEROL

EXAMEN PARA DIABETES

EXAMEN DENTAL

EXAMEN DE LA VISTA

VACUNAS

Pregunte a su proveedor sobre la vacuna contra el virus del papiloma humano (VPH) si tiene entre19 y 26 años y usted:

EXAMEN DE DETECCIÓN DE ENFERMEDADES INFECCIOSAS

EXAMEN FÍSICO

Durante el examen, es posible que su proveedor le pregunte acerca de:

EXAMEN DE DETECCIÓN DE CÁNCER

EXAMEN DE DETECCIÓN DE CÁNCER CERVICAL

Los exámenes de detección de cáncer cervical deben iniciar a la edad de 21 años. Después del primer examen: 

AUTOEXAMEN DE LA PIEL

OTROS EXÁMENES

Referencias

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Recommended immunization schedule for adults aged 19 years or older, United States, 2020. www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html. Updated February 3, 2020. Accessed April 18, 2020.

American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Clinical statement: frequency of ocular examinations - 2015. www.aao.org/clinical-statement/frequency-of-ocular-examinations. Updated March 2015. Accessed April 18, 2020.

American Cancer Society website. Breast cancer early detection and diagnosis: American Cancer Society recommendations for the early detection of breast cancer. www.cancer.org/cancer/breast-cancer/screening-tests-and-early-detection/american-cancer-society-recommendations-for-the-early-detection-of-breast-cancer.html. Updated March 5, 2020. Accessed April 18, 2020.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) website. FAQ178: Mammography and other screening tests for breast problems. www.acog.org/patient-resources/faqs/gynecologic-problems/mammography-and-other-screening-tests-for-breast-problems. Updated September 2017. Accessed April 18, 2020.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. FAQ163: Cervical cancer. www.acog.org/patient-resources/faqs/gynecologic-problems/cervical-cancer. Updated December 2018. Accessed April 18, 2020.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. FAQ191: Human papillomavirus vaccination. www.acog.org/patient-resources/faqs/womens-health/hpv-vaccination. Updated June 2017. Accessed April 18, 2020.

American Dental Association website. Your top 9 questions about going to the dentist -- answered. www.mouthhealthy.org/en/dental-care-concerns/questions-about-going-to-the-dentist. Accessed April 18, 2020.

American Diabetes Association. 2. Classification and diagnosis of diabetes: standards of medical care in diabetes - 2020. Diabetes Care. 2020;43(Suppl 1):S14–S31. PMID: 31862745 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31862745/.

Atkins D, Barton M. The periodic health examination. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 12.

Grundy SM, Stone NJ, Bailey AL, et al. 2018 AHA/ACC/AACVPR/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/ADA/AGS/APhA/ASPC/NLA/PCNA Guideline on the management of blood cholesterol: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines [published correction appears in J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019 Jun 25;73(24):3237-3241]. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019;73(24):e285-e350. PMID: 30423393 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30423393/.

Meschia JF, Bushnell C, Boden-Albala B; American Heart Association Stroke Council; et al. Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014;45(12):3754-3832. PMID: 25355838 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25355838/.

National Cancer Institute website. Breast cancer screening (PDQ) - health professional version. www.cancer.gov/types/breast/hp/breast-screening-pdq. Updated April 29, 2020. Accessed June 9, 2020.

Ridker PM, Libby P, Buring JE. Risk markers and the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. In: Zipes DP, Libby P, Bonow RO, Mann DL, Tomaselli GF, Braunwald E, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 45.

Siu AL; US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for breast cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement [published correction appears in Ann Intern Med. 2016 Mar 15;164(6):448]. Ann Intern Med. 2016;164(4):279-296. PMID: 26757170 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26757170/.

Siu AL; US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for high blood pressure in adults: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(10):778-786. PMID: 26458123 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26458123/.

Smith RA, Andrews KS, Brooks D, et al. Cancer screening in the United States, 2019: a review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and current issues in cancer screening. CA Cancer J Clin. 2019;69(3):184-210. PMID: 30875085 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30875085.

US Preventive Services Task Force, Bibbins-Domingo K, Grossman DC, et al. Screening for skin cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA. 2016;316(4):429-435. PMID: 27458948 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27458948/.

US Preventive Services Task Force, Davidson KW, Barry MJ, Mangione CM, et al. Screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA. 2021;326(8):736-743. PMID: 34427594 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34427594/.

US Preventive Services Task Force website. Final recommendation statement. Cervical cancer screening. www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/recommendation/cervical-cancer-screening. Published August 21, 2018. Accessed April 18, 2020.

US Preventive Services Task Force website. Final recommendation statement. Colorectal cancer screening. www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/recommendation/colorectal-cancer-screening. Published June 15, 2016. Accessed April 18, 2020.

US Preventive Services Task Force, Curry SJ, Krist AH, et al. Screening for osteoporosis to prevent fractures: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA. 2018;319(24):2521-2531. PMID: pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29946735/.

US Preventive Services Task Force website. Final recommendation statement. Hepatitis C virus infection in adolescents and adults: screening. www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/recommendation/hepatitis-c-screening. Published March 2, 2020. Accessed April 18, 2020.

Whelton PK, Carey RM, Aronow WS, et al. 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA guideline for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines [published correction appears in J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 May 15;71(19):2275-2279]. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018;71(19):e127-e248. PMID: 29146535 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29146535/.


Actualizado: 4/19/2020
Versión en inglés revisada por: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Editorial update 09/03/2021.
Traducción y localización realizada por: HolaDoctor
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