Diabetes tests and checkupsRoutine diabetes tests; Diabetes - prevention
People who take control of their own diabetes care by eating healthy foods and living an active lifestyle often have good control of their blood sugar levels. Still, regular health checkups and tests are needed. These visits give you a chance to:
Diabetes is a long-term (chronic) disease in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the blood.
- Ask your health care provider questions
- Learn more about your diabetes and what you can do to keep your blood sugar in your target range
- Make sure you are taking your medicines the right way
See Your Doctor
See your diabetes doctor for an exam every 3 to 6 months. During this exam, your doctor should check your:
- Blood pressure
See your dentist every 6 months, also.
An eye doctor should check your eyes every year. See an eye doctor who takes care of people with diabetes.
If you have eye problems because of diabetes, you will probably see your eye doctor more often.
Eye problems because of diabetes
Diabetes can harm your eyes. It can damage the small blood vessels in your retina, which is the back part of your eye. This condition is called dia...
Your doctor should check the pulses in your feet and your reflexes at least once a year. Your doctor should also look for:
- Loss of feeling anywhere in your feet (peripheral neuropathy)
If you have had foot ulcers before, see your doctor every 3 to 6 months. It is always a good idea to ask your doctor to check your feet.
To check your feet
Diabetes can damage the nerves and blood vessels in your feet. This damage can cause numbness and reduce feeling in your feet. As a result, your fe...
Hemoglobin A1C Tests
An A1C lab test shows how well you are controlling your blood sugar levels over a 3-month period.
A1C lab test
A1C is a lab test that shows the average level of blood sugar (glucose) over the previous 3 months. It shows how well you are controlling your diabe...
The normal level is less than 5.7%. Most people with diabetes should aim for an A1C of less than 7%. Some people have a higher target. Your doctor will help decide what your target should be.
Higher A1C numbers mean that your blood sugar is higher and that you may be more likely to have complications from your diabetes.
A cholesterol profile test measures cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. You should have this kind of test in the morning, after not eating since the night before.
Cholesterol profile test
Cholesterol is a soft, wax-like substance found in all parts of the body. Your body needs a little bit of cholesterol to work properly. But too muc...
Adults with type 2 diabetes should have this test every 5 years. People with high cholesterol or are on medicines to control their cholesterol may have this test more often.
Blood pressure should be measured at every visit.
Once a year, you should have a urine test that looks for a protein called albumin.
This test looks for a protein called albumin in a urine sample. Albumin can also be measured using a blood test or another urine test called the prot...
Your doctor will also have you take a blood test every year that measures how well your kidneys work.
Kidney function tests are common lab tests used to evaluate how well the kidneys are working. Such tests include:BUN (Blood urea nitrogen) Creatinin...
American Diabetes Association. 3. Comprehensive medical evaluation and assessment of comorbidities: standards of medical care in diabetes-2018. Diabetes Care. 2018;41(Suppl 1):S28-S37. PMID: 29222374 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29222374.
Cagliero E. Diabetes and long-term complications. In: Jameson JL, De Groot LJ, de Kretser DM, et al, eds. Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 51.
Review Date: 5/17/2018
Reviewed By: Brent Wisse, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology & Nutrition, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.